On Friday, October 13th, 1307, King Philip IV of France with the sanction of pope Clement V in Avignon declared the Knights Templar heretics and outlawed. Hundred of Templars were arrested including the Grand Master Jacques DeMolay. The arrest warrant declared - "Dieu n'est pas content. Nous avons des enemis de la foi dans le Royaume!" ("God is not pleased. We have enemies of the Faith within the Kingdom!") Under intense torture the Templars were made to confess to (among other charges) spitting on the cross, homosexual practices, worshipping an idol called Baphomet and the head of John the Baptist. Nearly all were condemned to death. Since the Templars wielded enormous power and influence throughout Europe, news of their fall reverberated throughout the continent. Thereafter Friday the 13th became known as a day of particularly ill omen.
Interestingly, when Grandmaster DeMolay was executed (burned at the stake) on March 11, 1314, he placed a curse on both king and pope saying that within a year and a day they would answer for their crimes in God's presence. Philip and Clement both died within the year. When, centuries later, king Louis 16th was executed by guillotine on January 21st, 1793 during the French Revolution, as Louis' head tumbled into the basket, a shout was heard from the crowd - "Jacques DeMolay, thou art Avenged!"
Dies mei sicut umbra declinaverunt