Gorgeous, but I think the watch was made some 30-40 years later than 1841. Stem-winding (and setting) system was patented by Adrien Philippe of Patek Philippe in 1842, only became popular in the 1850s. The 1860s still were the heyday of the key-wound movement.
This one is a typical "bar" layout, with the roots of its design in the Lepine V, which was the first "departure" from the radial layout of the Swiss and French generic movements. This particular layout was very popular with Swiss generic movement suppliers since the late 1870s, notably LeCoultre and FHF. This one looks like an FHF, and a fairly high-grade one, given the fine perlage on the base plate, lever escapement (the cheap versions had a cylinder escapement), and a mobile hairspring stud carrier.
I don't know how old was the original owner of the watch when he died, but if something like 70-80, then receiving the watch at the age of 40 or 50 would make perfect sense. A friend's grandfather, a Lutheran reverend, received a 14k gold Tavannes (Cyma) in a hunter case from the people of his parish, when he was about 40-50 (would have to ask him, I can't remember how old exactly was he). Guess that' the age, when a priest would have been with the members of his parish long enough for the people to give him such a gift.
You cannot explain away a wantonly immoral act, because you think that it is connected to some higher purpose.
Captain Jean-Luc Picard, Star Trek: The Next Generation